by , on April 26, 2012
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In This Issue
Updated 2012 Classes
April Survey Question
OSHA Fines this Month
Q&A: Balaclava Mandatory?
“You Saved My Life” Article
Arc Test Dates
Webinar: 10 Most Common PPE Mistakes
Article: Dust Explosion
BLS Fatal Occupatinoal Injuries Overview
48th Annual IEEE I&CPS Conference
Electrical Safety News


Superior Glove




Walls FRWalls

e-Hazard Trainer Speaking Events

e-Hazard Trainers including Hugh Hoagland, Bill Shinn, Lee Hale, Drake Drobnick, Al Havens, Daleep Mohla and others speak at events all over the world. Here are some events where you can find us:


  Safety, Health & Environmental Professional Development Conference

ASSE Audubon Chapter & Tri-State Safety Ind’al Council

Univ of Southern Indiana

Evansville, IN

May 8-9, 2012

Bill Shinn

KY Governor’s Health & Safety Conference

Louisville, KY

May 8 – May 11, 2012

Hugh Hoagland

IEEE I&CPS Conference

Louisville, KY

May 20 – May 24, 2012

Hugh Hoagland


Portland, OR
June 17 – June 21, 2012   

Hugh Hoagland

28th Annual National VPPPA Conference 

Anaheim, CA

August 19 – August 23, 2012

Hugh Hoagland


Los Alamos, NM

October 8 – October 12, 2012

Hugh Hoagland

NSC Council 

Orlando, FL  October 21- October 26, 2012

Hugh Hoagland

Upcoming Classes

NFPA 70E 2012 Electrical Safety in the Workplace


  NFPA 70E-2012 


Oklahoma City, OK

May 8, 2012


Tacoma, WA

June 5, 2012


Phoenix, AZ

June 5, 2012


Louisville, KY

August 6, 2012

Atlanta, GA

August 28, 2012


Louisville, KY

December 3, 2012




 Louisville, KY

August 7, 2012


Louisville, KY

December 4, 2012




LV HV Train the Trainer

 Louisville, KY

August 6-9, 2012


LV HV Train the Trainer

Louisville, KY

December 3-6, 2012



2012 IEEE – I&CPS Conference
IEEE – I&CPS Conference
Louisville, KY
May 20-24, 2012
2012 NSC Expo
 National Safety Council Congress & Expo
October 21-26, 2012
Orlando, FL
Featured Product
NEW ArcSuspender with arc tested clips
Arc Flash Suspender Detail
Arc Flash Suspender
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Carhartt Electrician's Belt

Featured Product
Dickie's Electrician's Belt
Our Sponsors

Riverside Protective Apparel Walls Industries FR

Salisbury by Honeywell

Elliott Australia Arc-Rated PPE


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Updated 2012 Classes
LV Book Cover
Over 350 trainers have been through the Low Voltage (LV) and High Voltage (HV) Train the Trainer course with e-Hazard, and are qualified to teach using e-Hazard materials.  More trainers use e-Hazard training materials than all our competitors combined. 
 and accompanying workbooks are updated with improvements – even from the last  Train the Trainer class just held in March.
Come to a class or attend our Train the Trainer course and experience the e-Hazard difference.  Competitors welcome.
 Low Voltage & LV Refresher
 High Voltage & HV Refresher
LV & HV Train the Trainer
 Operator’s Class
 NESC – Coming Soon
We also schedule on-site custom  classes at your place of employment.  e-Hazard can design a training program around your company’s unique electric safety program needs. We’ve designed specific training for several industries around the country and around the world including petrochemical, waste management, welding, automotive, communications, military, metals and much more.
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Newsletter Archive

APRIL 2012

Dear ArcLetter Member,


The ArcWear™ Electric Arc and Safety Newsletter provides a quick update on Arc Rated and Flame Resistant Clothing issues and news from OSHA and standards committees. The newsletter is FREE, reaches over 14,000 people and will bring you up to date on the issues that surround flame resistant clothing for flash fire hazards and the electric arc. For previous newsletters or to sign up, visit or

April Survey:  PPE system greater than 1.2 to 12 cal/cm²

NFPA 70E 2012 Electrical Safety in the Workplace

2012 NFPA 70E Annex H.3 was changed to allow a 1.2 cal/cm² to 12 cal/cm² PPE system.


Has your company implemented this approach?


Fines by OSHA on Electrical Hazards

Most citations include electrical hazards. 


Fuse used
Click here to see the citations and our commentary.

Q&A:  Is HRC 2 Balaclava Mandatory?

Q:  Just a question:  First, is the balaclava mandatory now in the HRC 2 PPE or arc flash hood ??

Because for doing small delay jobs I don’t complain, but since I have to wear it all day long when I do infrared inspection, I‘m almost thinking of using a welder type helmet like that with some modification —

— like the 905 sg but instead of a welder visor just a green visor; so I would have a green and a white lens, and when out of fault source, I could open both visors.

I’m sure it would be more confortable than wearing a balaclava and easier than putting/removing the hood all the time.


A:   If you do your IR testing from outside of the arc flash boundary, you do not have to wear PPE.  This assumes another worker opens the equipement or you use the proper PPE to open and close the equipment.  However when using the tables this seems to be compulsory.  Look at your work, there are several options.  Using IR windows avoids the use of PPE and reduces the risk when doing IR scanning but these windows have application limitations and aren’t installed in every plant or in all the necessary places.

Some companies have does arc flash studies and used Annex F and determined that doing the IR scanning is low risk allowing the actual scanning to be done with less PPE (this is an option IF you an arc flash study and follow the steps in the risk assessment procedure.  This still assumes all your energy levels are <1.2 cal/cm²  or someone else opens and closes the door.

The helmet you showed is an idea whose time has come but these are NOT rated at this time. To eliminate the balaclava this would need to be tested to be an arc flash suit hood using ASTM F2178 and rate min of 8 cal/cm².


An arc flash suit hood definition changed in 2012 to allow more flexibility and has (from my proposal to the committee was accepted) been expanded to 360 protection without giving prejudice to specific designs.  The “beekeeper-style” hood requirement in the past versions has been placed in an informational note so as to be non-mandatory.  If you do not use this style of hood (still very foggy in what it is) you must assure you have 360 degree protection for the hazard.


Two excellent types of products could meet your requirements:

1. A lightweight arc flash balaclava. Several are out there which are quite comfortable (Indura, Nomex, Drifire, CarbonX, Kermel/Lenzing, Nomex/Lenzing, PBI/Kevlar, and others).
2. A hood with a fan: Steelgrip, NSA, Stanco, Salisbury etc. You can get a 20 cal hood which is similar to the 3M product you provided the link to. The 3M hood has not been arc rated to my knowledge but could possibly work, but it would cut out all perpherial vision when fully closed.

There are some very comfortable faceshields to wear out on the market now and I tested a new one last week which builds in the balaclava up to 20 cal protection. It is similar to the 3M product but not on the market yet. Stay tuned. We love telling you about new products. 

Fuse used

 Email e-Hazard or ArcWear with a question!

“You Saved My Life”

Last December in Louisville at our open enrollment High Voltage class,  I had the most satisfying comment made to me as an instructor.  During a class break,  a student (I’ll call him George) approached me.  I recognized him from a previous high voltage class I had taught about two years earlier.  He got my immediate attention when he said, “I want you to know that you saved my life.”  I responded with “Well, tell me how I did that!”

George proceeded to tell me that what saved his life was my showing the class he was in two years ago how to install a protective ground on a de-energized circuit and how to use the “fuzzing” technique as a back up to the test for absence of nominal voltage.  Now the fuzzing technique is one of those things that is now passed down from one generation to the next.  I learned it in the late 1960s when I was an apprentice.  Back then, fuzzing was a primary technique for testing absence of voltage by the generation of electricians that preceded me.  By the time I was an apprentice, proximity testers — usually in the form of a “glow stick”– had come along, and using a glow stick was the method I learned and used.  How you fuzz a conductor is slowly moving your protective ground toward the de-energized conductor.  If the conductor is still accidently energized when you get about one foot away from it, at 13.8 kV you will hear a sizzling noise.  If you hear this, you back away with the ground and do further research as that conductor is still hot.  That is the experience George had.

George is a field service technician for a major equipment company and he is required to work on equipment at the customers’ locations.  On this day he was preparing to service air compressors that required the de-energizing and grounding of a 13.8 kV switchgear.  After opening the main switch, George proceeded to use his proximity tester to verify the absence of nominal voltage on the main buss, as required by OSHA 1910.269(n)(5).  I asked George,  “Why didn’t your tester pick up the presence of voltage?”  He replied, “I did something you told us not to do in the class.  I put the tester voltage range selector switch on a low voltage setting for the before-and-after verification that the tester was working.  I then used the 15 kV setting for the absence-of-voltage test and it indicated no voltage.  It turned out that the tester was defective on the 15 kV setting.”  I said “George, that’s why I always insist you test the tester on the setting you are going to use it on.”   It turned out that a back feed was coming from another location in the plant, and by using the fuzzing technique rather than just slapping the protective ground on the circuit, it prevented an arc flash explosion ; and that’s how, in George’s eyes, I saved his life.  I’m sure George would have been injured had he just smacked the protective ground on the bus, and it was most satisfying to me as an instructor that I had been able to share a technique that helped protect him.

Sr. Partner, e-Hazard


ArcWear™ Arc Testing Dates
Apr 23-27
May 28-Jun 1
Jun 25-29
July 16-20
Aug 13-17
Sept 17-21
Oct 29-Nov 2
Nov 26-30
Dec 10-14
ASTM F1959, ASTM F2178, ASTM F887 fall protection arc testing and mannequin testing are scheduled at the Kinectrics Lab in Toronto on the dates above.
Ship materials or clothing to:   
Hugh Hoagland
13113 Eastpoint Park Blvd.
Suite E
Louisville, KY
PH: 502-333-0510
We must receive materials or clothing one week before the test date for sample preparation, or make arrangements to ship to the lab in Canada. New and non US/Canadian Customers must make payment before test date.  Testing is offered on a first come/first served basis with priority for consulting customers.
  • $100 per material for prep/washing and cutting panels; ($200 for items arriving less than 7 days before test date to cover preparation overtime)
  • $200 for shipping a signed hard-copy report internationally

No guarantee is made of when testing will occur; we do all in our power to test within one month of receipt.  

All testing is performed at Kinectrics High Current lab in Toronto, Canada.  Kinectrics is an ISO 17025 accredited lab by the Standards Council of Canada.

10 Most Common PPE Mistakes Webinar


On Wednesday, March 28th, I hosted a webinar for Magid Glove & Safety Manufacturing Company entitled, “10 Most Common PPE Mistakes in Electrical Arc Flash.”Thinker
 Click here to view the recorded webinar.

Dust Explosion Article 


This is an excellent technical article on combustible dust and what dust is combustible.  Many companies which have these issues do not realize they even have the hazard until it is too late.

BLS Fatal Occupational Injuries Overview
2009 – 2010 


Several non-electric fatalities have recently occurred in companies with whom we work.   Keep safe and remember that safety begins with you.
The following charts are an overview of BLS’ statistics of fatalities for 2009-2010, starting with the broad occupational picture and ending with electrical contact fatalities.
 BLS Fatality Event 09-10
BLS Fatality Harmful Env 09-10 
BLS Fatality Electric Current 09-10 
Click here to view statistical reports from BLS.

48th Annual IEEE I&CPS Conference

e-Hazard is proud to be a sponsor of the IEEE I&CPS Conference that will be held next month at the historic Brown Hotel here in downtown Louisville.   I will be one of the speakers in the Technical Program, presenting on the topic of “Myths and Facts in Selection of Personal Protective Equipment for Arc Flash Hazard Mitigation Utilizing NFPA 70E and applicable ASTM standards.”


I&CPS Conference Logo 2012


Click here to view the flyer for the event.

Dates:  May 20-24, 2012

Electrical Safety News


Republic Steel of OH Reaches Settlement with OSHA for Health & Safety Violations
04-23-2012 15:59:40 PM

Republic Steel of Canton, OH, reached a settlement with OSHA to pay $235k in fines, hire full-time health and safety managers, and improve safety training for workers at its steel mills in federal OSHA’s jurisdiction. The safety and health managers to be hired at each mill will have the authority to suspend work until a safety […]…»

IL Electricians Burned in Arc Flash
04-23-2012 15:59:10 PM

Several electricians received burns from an arc flash when working on an electrical box at a Best Buy in Niles, IL. Click here to read the article dated 4/12/12.…»

Sheet Metal Mfr in GA Cited by OSHA for $81.1k
04-23-2012 15:58:26 PM

Don Park USA LP of Conley, GA, was cited for safety & health violations, including: repeat safety violations involving failure to develop specific energy control procedures that are required to be used when employees perform equipment maintenance, and protect employees from exposure to live electrical parts; serious safety violations involving failure to train employees required […]…»

Electric Cooperative Employee Injured in FL
04-23-2012 15:57:08 PM

An employee of Florida’s Suwanee Valley Electric Cooperative suffered electrical burns when coming into contact with energized equipment while changing a transformer. Click here to read the article dated 4/18/12. …»

Pacific Gas & Electric Develops Remote Racking System
04-23-2012 15:56:43 PM

To prevent workers from being in the direct blast zone, a new racking device was developed by PG&E to remotely roll in/rack-out the high voltage circuit breakers from outside of the building. PG&E developed the safety improvement in order to prevent injury and eliminate the safety hazard. Click here to read the article and watch […]…»

SKM Systems Analysis Inc. Releases 2 White Papers & PowerTools for Windows 7.0
04-23-2012 15:18:42 PM

New releases from SKM Systems Analysis, Inc.: PowerTools for Windows 7.0 software, designed to unleash productivity with enhanced tools for system design, model documentation, and reporting features. “Modeling Arc Flash Mitigation Technique” white paper for use with “PowerTools” “Arc Flash Line Side vs Load Side” white paper for evaluating which is best for your siutation […]…»

Arc Flash Hazard Calculation Article
04-12-2012 16:28:20 PM

James Phillips has written an article on arc-flash hazard calculation studies and the steps involved. Jim is a top expert in AF calculations and a fellow member of IEEE 1584, Click here to read the article from IAEI Magazine dated 4/4/12.…»

OSHA cites OH Sign Co $67.4K Including Electrical Safety Fines for PPE and Class E/G Hardhats
04-12-2012 16:27:30 PM

Sign Source USA of Lima, OH, has been cited by OSHA for $67.4k in safety & health violations, including several related to electrical safety: lack of PPE, failing to require the use of nonconducting headgear, failing to train workers to recognize unsafe electrical practices, and not grounding metal parts in the spray booth. Click here […]…»

IL Mfg Co Fined $231k after Dust Collector Explosion
04-12-2012 16:26:24 PM

OSHA has proposed $231k in penalties for Gilster-Mary Lee Corp of Steeleville, IL, where 2 maintenance employees were seriously burned following an explosion within a dust collector while conducting welding operations. The men were repairing a hole in the side of a metal trough containing a screw conveyor that was leaking granulated sugar within several […]…»

OSHA Proposes $191.7k Fines for AL Farmers Coop
04-12-2012 16:26:00 PM

Alabama Farmers Cooperative was cited for safety and health violations for exposing workers at its Decatur facility to combustible dust and other hazards. Included in the violations was failure to reduce the accumulation of, and use approve approved electrical equipment in the presence of, combustible dust. Employees were exposed to nuisance dust 1.6 times higher […]…»

Our newsletter is sponsored by many companies around the world.  If you have ideas for articles or have questions, don’t hesitate to write.

Hugh Hoagland

13113 Eastpoint Park Blvd. Suite E
Louisville, KY 40223
Office: 502-333-0510


Hugh Hoagland
About author:
Hugh Hoagland is the foremost tester of clothing and PPE exposed to electrical arcs and is an arc flash expert. Read more about Hugh.

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