by , on October 25, 2012

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In This Issue
Updated 2012 Classes
Sept-Oct Survey Question
OSHA Fines
Burn Up the Myth
F1001 Standard Alert
Arc Test Dates
CSA Z460 Control of Hazardous Energy – Lockout and Other Methods Draft
NFPA 70E First Draft for 2015
2013 Training Survey
Inspirational Speaker
Electrical Safety News
Medium Voltage Starter Control Circuit
Website Update
Z462-12 Conference
Train the Trainer Class
Arc Flash Training Forum

Revco Industries


Walls 2012 Ad


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e-Hazard Trainer Speaking Events

e-Hazard Trainers including Hugh Hoagland, Bill Shinn, Lee Hale, Drake Drobnick, Al Havens, Daleep Mohla and others speak at events all over the world. Here are some events where you can find us:


National Safety Council 

Orlando, FL     October 21- October 26, 2012

Hugh Hoagland


Upcoming Classes

 Open Registration:

NFPA 70E 2012 Electrical Safety in the Workplace 


  NFPA 70E-2012 CLASSES 


Billings, MT

October 30, 2012


Louisville, KY

December 3, 2012


Phoenix, AZ

January 22, 2013


Louisville, KY

March 4, 2013


Deerfield, IL

March 5, 2013





Billings, MT

October 31, 2012


Louisville, KY

December 4, 2012


Louisville, KY

March 5, 2013





Louisville, KY

December 3-6, 2012


Louisville, KY

March 4-7, 2013





Click here to view e-Hazard training calendar.

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Dickie's Electrician's Belt

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NEW ArcSuspender with arc tested clips
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Arc Flash Suspender
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Carhartt Electrician's Belt

2013 IEEE Expo

 IEEE ESW 2010

IEEE IAS 2013 Electrical Safety Workshop

Anatole Hilton Hotel

Dallas, TX

March 11-15, 2013

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Updated 2012 Classes
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Over 350 trainers have been through the Low Voltage (LV) and High Voltage (HV) Train the Trainer course with e-Hazard, and are qualified to teach using e-Hazard materials.  More trainers use e-Hazard training materials than all our competitors combined. 
Come to an open-registration class or attend our  Train the Trainer course and experience the e-Hazard difference.  Competitors welcome.
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High Voltage Refresher
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We also schedule on-site custom  classes at your place of employment.  E-Hazard can design a training program around your company’s unique electric safety program needs. We’ve designed specific training for several industries around the country and around the world including petrochemical, waste management, welding, automotive, communications, military, metals and much more.


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Dear ArcLetter Member,


The ArcWear™ Electric Arc and Safety Newsletter provides a quick update on Arc Rated and Flame Resistant Clothing issues and news from OSHA and standards committees. The newsletter is FREE, reaches over 14,000 people and will bring you up to date on the issues that surround flame resistant clothing for flash fire hazards and the electric arc. For previous newsletters or to sign up, visit or

September-October Survey Question:  Balaclava

When electrical personnel in your organization wear arc rated PPE, do they wear the balaclava when dressing for Category 2 and for exposures greater than 12 cal/cm²?


Fines by OSHA on Electrical Hazards


Most citations include electrical hazards.


OSHA Logo  



View the citations and our commentary.  


Burn Up the Myth:  “Normal Operating Conditions”

Q:  Mr. Hoagland,    As a respected industry leader in Arc testing of personal protective clothing and NFPA 70E training throughout the US and Canada, I would ask for your help in interpreting the intent of the definition of Arc Flash Hazard as it is written in the 2012 Edition of NFPA 70 E.   

“Arc Flash Hazard. A dangerous condition associated with the possible release of energy caused by an electric arc.”

IN 1: An arc flash hazard may exist when energized electrical conductors or circuit parts are exposed or when they are within equipment in a guarded or enclosed condition, provided a person is interacting with the equipment in such a manner that could cause as electric arc. Under normal operating conditions, enclosed energized equipment that has been properly ins
talled and maintained is not likely to pose an arc flash hazard.   
IN 2:: See Table 130.7(C)(15)(a) and Table 130.7(C)(15)(b) for examples of activities that could pose an arc flash hazard.”  

Question 1: Would this definition or any other part of this standard require a person to ware PPE and be task qualified to operate a panel board breaker or disconnect with the cover on?

Question 2: What is meant by “Under normal operating conditions”.
I would greatly appreciate your professional opinion on this matter and recognize that your opinion would not be an official interruption of this standard.

Any help with this matter would be greatly appreciated.
Thank you.
TL, Maryland
A:  The wording in the standard about “under normal operating conditions” was added in 2012 to allow companies to do risk assessment with their flash study to determine the real risk and the level of the hazard.  If you have done no arc flash study, you will need to comply with the tables for operation or do a flash study.  If you have done an arc flash study and a risk assessment in compliance with Annex F, you will be able to determine the hazard/risk of your system.        
Some equipment has less risk than others and some operations have less risk.  If you can stand to the side of the switch, that switch could have less risk. If you cannot stand to the side, you will need to determine RISK AND HAZARD.       
To take this phrase from a definition to mean you don’t need to use PPE when “operating” “under normal conditions” “properly maintained and installed” equipment — when the tables CLEARLY do require PPE in some conditions — is a VERY risky assumption.  If you have a documented hazard/risk assessment which justifies using less PPE than the tables in NFPA 70E, and you have a documented, electrical safety program and documented maintenance on the equipment, AND you have a risk assessment in compliance with Annex F, you might get by.  Otherwise the tables or the hazard labels should be followed to comply with NFPA 70E.
Anytime the doors of equipment are open, this should not be used.  The NEW 2015 table proposal will move more in this direction but those who assume that they have properly maintained and installed equipment and then have arc flashes which ignite clothing will not find regulations to support them.  We still support using low level arc rated clothing for all high amperage or high voltage equipment operations.  Our IEEE paper showed that of those in arc flashes doing operation and maintenance who wore NFPA 70E table clothing were unhurt in all 40 cases.  Mainly those who did not wear or took off part of the clothing (gloves, hoods, faceshields, etc) were burned.


ASTM Standard Tracker Alert
The F1001 – Standard Guide for Selection of Chemicals to Evaluate Protective Clothing Materials has been revised to F1001-12 developed by Committe F23.30, ASTM BOX Volume 11.03.

ArcWear™ Arc Testing Dates

ArcWear™ Testing
 Oct 29-Nov 2
Nov 26-30
Dec 10-14
Jan 14-18
Feb. 18-23


ASTM F1959, ASTM F2178, ASTM F887 fall protection arc testing and mannequin testing are scheduled at the Kinectrics Lab in Toronto on the dates above.   

Ship materials or clothing to:   
Hugh Hoagland
13113 Eastpoint Park Blvd.
Suite E
Louisville, KY
PH: 502-333-0510   
We must receive materials or clothing one week before the test date for sample preparation, or make arrangements to ship to the lab in Canada. New and non US/Canadian Customers must make payment before test date.  Testing is offered on a first come/first served basis with priority for consulting customers. 
  • $100 per material for prep/washing and cutting panels; ($200 for items arriving less than 7 days before test date to cover preparation overtime)
  • $200 for shipping a signed hard-copy report internationally

No guarantee is made of when testing will occur; we do all in our power to test within one month of receipt.  


All testing is performed at Kinectrics High Current lab in Toronto, Canada.  Kinectrics is an ISO 17025 accredited lab by the Standards Council of Canada.
View our Arc Test Data.
Get details on past Arc Flash Articles.

CSA Z460 Control of Hazardous Energy – Lockout and Other Methods Draft Online Public Review
CSA has placed a copy of the draft new edition of the CSA Z460 on the Z462 Committe On-line Forum (found in the “Other Related Standards and Documents” folder).

This is the draft currently out for Public Review. CSA invites Z462 Committee to review this draft and compare it with related material in the Z462 Standard.


If you wish to submit comments on this draft to the Z460 Committee, please use the CSA on-line Public Review system


NFPA 70E 2015

First Draft Changes NOW ONLINE for public comment

NFPA 70E 2012 Electrical Safety in the Workplace  NFPA has placed a copy of the draft of the NFPA 70E changes proposed for 2012 (formerly the ROP)
Click here for the First Draft NFPA 70E 2015.




Survey:  Training in 2013?

Help us with planning our open-registration training classes in 2013!
  • Do you plan on attending – or sending your employees – to any training  in 2013?
  • What month is better for training purposes?
  • What city location is needed?
  • Are you aware that e-Hazard will hold open-registration classes in any location if there is a minimum of 10 registrants?
  • Are you aware of any sponsors who would be willing to partner with e-Hazard to promote electrical safety training in their region?  There is no charge to be a sponsor.

Thank you for your input as ‘we help people who work around electricity go home safely to their families’

Inspirational Speaker:  Double Amputee Lineman
Lee ShelbyLee Shelby of Jackson, TN, is willing to come to your workplace or organization to speak on the dangers of shortcuts, complacency, and risk management.    He is a double amputee as a result of a serious electrical workplace accident while being employed as a lineman.
 Lee Shelby Enterprises, Inc.
Jackson, TN

Electrical Safety News

Chinese Worker Woes Following Electric Shock

10-25-2012 10:58:08 AM

A 26-year old employee of Foxconn in southern China was repairing a spotlight on an external wall at the factory when he received an electric shock & fell 4 meters to the ground. He underwent extensive surgery in which nearly half of his brain was removed, and he remains hospitalized after a year. One of the leading […]…»


Article by Ed McConnell: The Dangers of Arc Flash to Unqualified Personnel
10-11-2012 12:09:48 PM

Ed McConnell, PE, discusses risks to unqualified workers in an article in Utility Products. Recommended is conducting arc flash safety training, and building a culture by facility owners that constantly stresses electrical safety and keeps their supervisors and their future replacements up to date on changing regulations. Read the Utility Products article dated 10/1/12.…»


OSHA cites Fontarome Chemical in St. Francis, WI, for process safety management program deficiencies following fire
10-11-2012 12:07:18 PM

OSHA cited Fontarome Chemical Inc. $51.8k for safety violations following a fire on 4/13/12 that occurred during the troubleshooting of an electrical component on the hot oil heater. Twelve violations cited relate to process safety management, including failing to address hazards related to potential engineering and administrative control failures, implement written operating procedures, review and […]…»


Ansell Limited Acquired Comasec SAS
10-11-2012 12:06:58 PM

Ansell Limited completed the purchase of Comasec SAS and its subsidiaries on 9/27/12. Comasec was a privately owned French company with over 1200 employees globally, specialising in the manufacture of gloves for chemical protection, food handling, cut protection, mechanical protection, dry box and thermal protection. Major brands are Comasec, Marigold, and Marigold Industrial. Comasec’s gloves complement […]…»


Xcel Energy Employee Hospitalized Following Morning Accident in Grand Forks, ND
10-11-2012 12:06:45 PM

An employee of Excel Energy suffered severe electrical shock while working on electrical equipment in or around a transformer box in Grand Forks, ND. Read the article & watch the video from WDAZ Television 8 website dated 10/10/12. …»


Alarming Number of Workers Fail to Wear Required Protective Equipment
10-11-2012 12:06:19 PM

In a Kimberly-Clark Professional survey released 10/9/12, 82% of safety professionals said they had observed workers in their organizations failing to wear required PPE during the past year. Respondents also cited compliance as the top workplace safety issue in their facilities-further underscoring the significance of these findings. More than half of the safety professionals surveyed attributed […]…»


Worker injured in NV Energy box explosion
10-10-2012 15:09:58 PM

Three NV Energy employees were working on an electrical box when it exploded, sending one of the employees to the hospital with burns. This is a definite arc flash. Fortunately this company is in arc rated garments and follow NESC to provide protection to their workers. Read more from Fox5 KVVU-TV website dated 9/29/12.…»


City worker injured in electrical incident in WV
10-10-2012 15:08:56 PM

A city employee of Huntington, WV, was involved in an arc flash incident at the Four Pole Creek pumping station, receiving burns to his face and hands. Read more from the Herald-Dispatch dated 10/2/12.…»


OSHA cites Houston-based oil and gas servicing company following fatality at Wichita County, Texas, work site
10-10-2012 15:08:39 PM

Halcon Resources Corp. of Electra, TX, was cited $189k by OSHA for safety violations following the death of an employee who came into contact with energized electrical parts and was electrocuted while working to restore power to a pumping station. Willful violations included failing to provide training on safe work practices and to provide electrical protective […]…»


OSHA cites Cleveland Tank & Supply for 19 violations, including exposing workers to chromium, other hazards
10-10-2012 14:53:02 PM

Cleveland Tank & Supply Inc. of Cleveland, OH, was cited by OSHA for $72.8k for safety & health violations. Violations relating to personal protective equipment standards have been cited for not documenting equipment assessment, providing and training workers to use such equipment, ensuring its quality or providing it at no cost to workers. Safety violations […]…» 

Safety Issue:  Medium Voltage Starter Control Circuit

MediumVoltage Starter Control Circuit Safety Issue


Most mediumvoltage starters have a recessed plug to accept an extension cord connection to power up the starter’s control circuit when the contactor carriage of the starter is in the test position.  The function of the test position is to use external control power and test the operation of the control circuit without energizing the connected motor.  The control circuit may have a bond from the neutral on the test connection on the controller carriage to the frame of the carriage.  This sets up a not-so-obvious problem for maintenance personnel.

Having the control circuit’s neutral bonding to the carriage’s frame allows electrical current to flow between the 120 Vac power distribution panel (PDP) through two paths.  The first is the normal path, which is through the neutral, or grounded conductor, of the extension cord.  The second path is through the neutral bond in the PDP, through the facility’s grounding system, conduits and equipment grounding, to the carriage frame itself, then to the neutral bonding jumper on the test connection on the carriage.  These two paths of current flow are illustrated in Figure 1.


This current path is objectionable ground current and does not comply with Article 250.6 in the National Electrical Code®. This ground current can be especially dangerous if the neutral in the extension cord is not continuous.


The remedial action for existing equipment is the following:


1.    Remove the bond on the carriage frame of the contactor.  This is not as dangerous as it sounds.  The neutral bond to ground at the PDP will function as the appropriate grounded connection using an extension cord while the controller carriage is in the test position.


2.    Apply a bond to the frame of the starter enclosure at the control power transformer’s (CPT) secondary neutral connection.  The contactor carriage frame will be inherently connected to the starter enclosure frame through metal connection of the carriage wheels.  Measure the dc resistance between the carriage frame and enclosure after establishing the bond at the CPT’s neutral connection.  The dc resistance shall not be greater than 0.5 ohm based on the InterNational Electrical Testing Association’s Standard for Maintenance Testing Specification, (ANSI/NETA-2011) Section  Investigate any value greater than that.  Use an electronic ohmmeter that can measure 0.001 ohms. Keep in mind that electronic ohmmeters are very sensitive, because they have high input impedance, and may show spurious readings.  Using an ohmmeter with low input impedance is the best practice.  There are low impedance electronic ohmmeters available from test instrument manufacturers.

 Medium Voltage Starter Control drawing

With new equipment, insist the manufacturer bond the CPT’s neutral connection to ground on the enclosure itself, not the contactor carriage frame.  Verify that the carriage frame receptacle/plug for the control circuit has a pin dedicated and connected to the frame of the enclosure, on the enclosure side of the starter, and to the frame of the carriage on the contactor carriage side of the starter.  That guarantees the two frames are electrically bonded.  The bond will not depend on the carriage wheels making good contact with the enclosure frame.  Thoroughly examine the proposed starter’s control circuit to make certain there is no neutral bond to the contactor carriage frame shown on the equipment’s drawings.



Al Havens, e-Hazard Partner and Instructor

e-Hazard Website Updates 

ArcFlash pix If you get the chance, take a look at the many updates to the e-Hazard website.   We are pleased with the many improvements each week!


If you utilize Internet Explorer and encounter chaos on your return visit, just hit the Refresh button.




e-Hazard is pleased to announce that Hugh Hoagland will be the local Chair for the IEEE-ESW in 2016 in Louisville, Ky.  Mark your calendars early!  

 Hugh & Dr. Chris Foreman

This is a photo taken at this year’s IEEE-I&CPS Expo held in May in Louisville, KY, at the historic Brown Hotel.  I am playing chess with Co-Chair, Dr. Chris Foreman, Professor of Power Engineering at the JB Speed School of Engineering / University of Louisville.


Z462-12 Arc Flash Awareness Conference Announcement – November 7 & 8

DuElec Ind Trg Centre Albertaring 2008, CSA released the first edition of Z462 Workplace  Electrical Safety Standard.  At that time, we partnered with Alberta IBEW to develop an instructor-led Arc Flash Awareness course to be delivered at the work site. This has been very successful for IBEW as they have provided Arc Flash Awareness training to over 2200 IBEW Members. Earlier this year, 2012, a second edition of CSA Z462  was released. Changes in the current Z462 Workplace Electrical Safety Standard align with the extensive changes and revisions to the 2012 Canadian Electrical Code, Part 1. 


Hugh Hoagland will be  training at The Electrical Industry Training Centreon Wednesday, November 7 and Thursday, November 8, 2012. During these two days we will be discussing the changes to the standard and offering current instructors a refresher.  The conference will bring some new instructors on CSA Z462 to Alberta’s IBEW contractors with the help of  


November 7 – November 8, 2012

Electrical Industry Training Centre

4234 – 93 Street

 Edmonton Alberta  

Thanks for Subscribing!

As a reward to subscribers, the first 5 people to contact us will receive  a $5 gift card to Starbucks. Just e-mail us at with “Starbucks” in the subject line and we’ll reply back with a link to a printable gift card. Thank you for subscribing and your ongoing support; good luck! (Offer expires October 2012.)


Last month’s winners were Cherie P, Chris C, Jim S, Garry S, and Kiera Z.  Thanks!

Train the Trainer Class

E-Hazard offers ‘Train the Trainer‘ courses several times per year.  This 3-or-4 day intensive training program is designed to prepare qualified trainers to deliver instruction to others based on NFPA 70E and OSHA requirements. e-Hazard started this training to “raise the bar” in the electrical industry.  Most of the safety training companies require you to hire their trainers.  We offer this but we also provide training materials and trainer “training” and coaching so you can develop in-house expertise without “breaking the bank”. See what over 400 other trainers are saying about the e-Hazard TTT class and our materials.


  Upcoming TTT classes:

December 3rd – December 6th, 2012

March 4th – March 7th, 2013




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Hugh Hoagland

13113 Eastpoint Park Blvd. Suite E
Louisville, KY 40223
Office: 502-333-0510

This email was sent to by | | 13113 Eastpoint Park Blvd. | STE E | Louisville | KY | 40223

Hugh Hoagland
About author:
Hugh Hoagland is the foremost tester of clothing and PPE exposed to electrical arcs and is an arc flash expert. Read more about Hugh.

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